As in the main traditional theatrical forms in
Southeast Asia, melodic
percussion, wind and string instruments accompany the music on Volume 1 of
Percussion includes various gongs and drums. The gongs or
tawak are suspended from wooden frames and each is tuned differently.
The gedumbak, a single-sided drum, is the lowest-tuned drum with
the longest sustain due to an opening on one end. The gendang is a
double-sided hand drums while the geduk rests on a stand and struck
with sticks on one side.
The kesi are small cymbals usually played in a set of
two pairs. Two are fixed face-up and two hand-held. The canang, on the
other hand, is a series of horizontally arrayed small gongs and can played
both rhythmically or as a melody.
The serunai is a double-reed wind instrument. The
player uses circular breathing techniques to create continuous melodic
Finally, the rebab is a three-string spike fiddle and
the main instrument of the Makyong theatre, a unique Malay traditional
form of theatre.